What is PBIS?
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a set of ideas and tools that schools use to improve the behavior of students. PBIS uses evidence and data-based programs, practices an strategies to frame behavioral improvement in terms of student growth in academic performance, safety, behavior, and establishing and maintaining positive school culture. PBIS addresses the needs of at-risk students as well as the multi-leveled needs of all students in regards to behavior, which creates an environment for both teaching and learning to occur in schools.
Tier 1: Primary Level (support for all)
These are school-wide expectations that are defined and taught to all school staff in each of the settings within the school. These expectations are developed by the team and taught to students by their regular classroom teachers, administrators or others who have contact with all students. There are 7 Core Principles of PBIS:
- schools can effectively teach appropriate behavior to all students
- intervene early
- use a multi-tier model
- use research-based interventions
- monitor student progress often
- use data to make decisions
- use assessments to screen, diagnose, and monitor progress
Tier 2: Secondary Level (support for some)
Secondary Prevention provides intensive or targeted interventions to support students not responding to the primary efforts. These behavioral interventions are taught by specialized staff like special educators, school psychologists, and counselors.
Tier 3: Tertiary Level (support for few)
Tertiary Level support is intended for students who have high risk behaviors and need specialized, or individualized skill building practice due to exhibited habits of problem behavior. Tier 3 behavioral interventions involve a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) and an individualized plan of support which includes:
- new skills to replace problem behaviors
- reorganization of current environment or "triggers"
- procedures for monitoring, evaluating, and reassessing the plan